2009-10 Visitors

[Picture of Placeholder] Anu Sivunen, Laboratory of Work Psychology and Leadership, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland.
July 2009 - June 2010. Hosted by Byron Reeves, H-STAR.

My research project focuses on the organizational uses of virtual worlds for communication and collaboration. Specifically, I am interested in the social interaction and group identity of innovative, geographically dispersed teams collaborating in these environments. The research questions are: 1) What are the specific features of virtual worlds that are related to team communication and team dynamics, such as to the creation of a shared group identity and 2) how team members construct their social identities when collaborating via avatars in these 3D environments. While staying at Stanford, I will work with empirical data collected from a geographically dispersed group collaborating in Second Life.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Ana Alacovska, Department of Intercultural Communication and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
May 2009 - August 2009. Working with Fred Turner, Dept of Communication.

My project "Travel Guidebooks: From Multimodal Discourses to Multimedia Mobile Devices" investigates the media convergence between corporate publishing houses and new interactive media, to understand how digitised virtual/fictional worlds enact users via shared digital media and participatory social networks and to learn how the use/co-creation of the digital travel content influences individual communication, interaction and travel experience. The research aims to explore the interplay between the fictionality of the paper multimodal genre, the virtuality and mobility of digital multimedia content and the physicality of the travel destination the guide may be taken to represent.

[Picture of Placeholder] Niina Nurmi, Laboratory of Work Psychology and Leadership, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland.
April 2008 - April 2010. Working with Pamela Hinds, Dept of Management Science and Engineering.

My research is focused on virtual and mobile knowledge work. My main research question is: What are the specific job demands, stressors and job resources that contribute to the well-being of distributed team members? I use qualitative approach in analyzing interview data from nine globally distributed industrial teams to identify and model the demands, hindrances and enablers of well-being and leadership in virtual and mobile knowledge work. In this research, I apply psychological, organizational, and information technology perspectives.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Carsten Bergenholtz, Department of Management, School of Business, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
September 2009 - December 2009. Working with Karen Cook, Dept of Sociology.

My research focuses on interorganizational social networks and how to identify and explore weak ties in the biotechnological field. The focal case company, Unisense, is an innovative Danish biotech SME that provides microsensors for a wide range of applications. Since highly specialized competencies are costly in the bio-medical field, an open network approach is emphasized in order to get access to relevant knowledge on markets and products. But how can a SME with limited resources explore 3000 contacts? And to what degree can this be achieved in the virtual world of IT, or is it necessary to embed the interaction in real life meetings?

[Picture of Placeholder] Tatiana Bazzichelli, Department of Information and Media Studies, Aarhus University, Denmark.
August 2009 - December 2009. Working with Jeffrey Schnapp, Stanford Humanities Lab.

Networking 2.0: An Aesthetic, Technological and Social Critique of Collective Art. This research proposes to analyze the roots of artistic practices and social intervention based on both analog and digital networked art, showing that the current artistic challenge of the Web 2.0 platforms lies in the invention of new courses of action and new contents developed by grassroots communities. The aim is to investigate how networking practices are able to change the model of production of Internet contents and artistic creations, connecting the development of hacker ethics with the creation of Web 2.0 social networking platforms. A thread that connects networked art such as mail art, culture jamming and hacker art with Web 2.0 social practices.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Michael Carl, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
September 2009 - December 2009. Working with Martin Kay, Dept of Linguistics.

My current research interest focuses on process-oriented translation, specifically the elaboration, formalization and empirical validation of cognitively plausible models for human translation processes, using keyboard logging and eye-tracking technologies, so-called User Activity Data (UAD). I am working on the design and implementation of a query language for UAD to correlate human activity patterns with properties of the source and target texts. The goal is to achieve a better understanding of the basic processing concepts that underlie and guide human translation behavior, and to prepare ground for advanced human interaction with machine-translation systems.

[Picture of Placeholder] Chigusa Kita, Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University, Japan.
September 2009 - August 2010. Working with Terry Winograd, Dept of Computer Science.

I was originally trained as a historian, and one of my research topics has been the process of institutionalization of computer science, especially the history of the Human-Computer Interaction field. During my stay in Stanford, I will examine the present status of the Human-Computer Interaction field from a Science and Technology Studies point of view, and the way in which the historical knowledge of the field can help to educate young engineers. I am also interested in how humanities knowledge can help to shape technological ideas into a socially embedded system in designing interaction between a tool and human society.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Ole Broberg, Dept of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
September 2009 - December 2009. Working with Larry Leifer, Center for Design Research

My research focuses on design processes that develop new technologies in workplaces. Engineering design often lead to technology 'scripts' that are ineffective in supporting the work practices, or cause safety and health problems. To bridge the gap between scripts and user adoption requires rethinking the design process. An innovative workplace is a strategic element of the organization in which the interdependency between space, organization, technology, culture, and finance are in a dynamic relationship. The research seeks to develop a conceptual framework to study ways to organize collaborative design processes in which both user knowledge and safety and health knowledge are represented.

[Picture of Placeholder] Heli Ruokamo, Center for Media Pedagogy, Univ of Lapland, Finland.
November 2009 - May 2010. Working with Roy Pea, School of Education.

My project focuses on developing pedagogical models for both virtual and simulation-based, playful learning environments. We have two collaborative research projects currently underway between Stanford and the University of Lapland, involving the development of pedagogical models for virtual and simulation-based learning environments for health and welfare. We conduct research in simulation centers in Finland and the US to test and further develop the models. Additionally, we have been developing pedagogical models for playful learning environments to meet the educational challenges of the future. We have tested the models by conducting international teaching experiments in playful learning environments enriched by technological tools.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Christa Amhoj, Dept of Learning, Aarhus University, Denmark
December 2009 - March 2010. Working with Dan McFarland, School of Education

I examine the use of fantasy travels as a medium for educational management in both the Danish Public School system and in other educational institutions. A central concern is how fantasy is used to encourage 'concrete educational identities' to zig zag themselves between fictive forms of subjectivity (e.g. cartoon characters and wizards), discursive subject positions (e.g. the silent girls, the wild boys) and formal roles (e.g. employee, teacher). My research aims to explore the consequences for both the educational identities and management of the transpositions between what we recognise as the real educational organisation, the discursive constructed context, and the fictive/virtual space.

[Picture of Placeholder] Mette Hoybye, Dept of Psychosocial Cancer Research, EPI, Denmark.
January 2010 - June 2010. Working with Byron Reeves, Dept of Communication.

My research explores how virtual human representations are used and experienced by people with serious illness, with a particular interest in the changing meanings of body, time and self. My work at H-STAR focuses on how the design of virtual technological interventions in treatment of serious illness interacts with practice. I approach this through ethnographic methods as a creative, reflexive process to understand how it affects the individual, thereby shaping the social use of virtual technologies that re-create and develop the technological expression. In particular I will seek to elucidate the experience of reality in technological representations.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Petri Parvinnen, Dept of Marketing and Management, Helsinki School of Economics, Finland.
February 2010 - April 2010. Working with Michael Hannan, Graduate School of Business.

My research initiatives deal largely with the relationship between industry dynamics and business unit profitability. Having looked at numerous other industries, my attention is now focused on the popular music industry, which is facing an industry-level transformation with increasing e-sales, e-distribution and e-marketing. Using database research and videography, my research project investigates the role of music genres in determining the rock band/artist success. I pay particular attention to cross-genre strategies at the market entry phase. During my time at Stanford, I'll be conducting analyses and setting up an empirical operation on the west coast.

[Picture of Placeholder] Kirsten Mogensen, Roskilde University, Denmark.
February 2010 - May 2010. Working with Fred Turner, Dept of Communication.

Innovation Journalism, VINNOVA. Creating a world community based on democratic principles requires public trust and support in the innovation process, and this depends upon trustworthy coverage by the news media. Based on semi-structured interviews with editors and journalists and on analysis of the actual coverage, my research sets out to describe a pattern of professional norms, values and visions related to innovation journalism. Such a description can serve as a point of reference for scholars, for new journalists entering the discipline, and for the ongoing development of new tools and techniques related to innovative journalism.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Eugenia Perez, Environmental System Analysis, Chalmers University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
February 2010 - July 2010. Host Henry Rowen, Graduate School of Business.

My research lies in the field of innovation system studies and research policy, focusing on the development of nanotechnology. It is part of a larger project aiming at tracing, measuring and explaining the societal effects of academic R&D. Generic technologies, such as nanotech, present wide varieties of possible applications that vary in terms of potentials for creating sustainable societal effects. In my Stanford project I will analyze factors influencing the direction of development of an innovation system through studying the selection of application areas among nanotech companies. The project will be a comparative study between California and Sweden.

[Picture of Placeholder] Antonio Caballero Jambrina, DTU Fotonik, Lyngby, Denmark.
February 2010 - May 2010. Working with Leonid Kazovsky, Dept of Electrical Engineering.

My research topic is the convergence between wireless and optical networks for next generation access networks. By combining the high capacity of optical fiber and the flexibility of wireless (Hybrid Wireless-over-fiber systems), we can have simple base stations, with low power consumption and reduced complexity, being able to operate at higher radio frequencies with high bit-rates while concentrating complex and expensive equipment in the central office. My approach focuses on the coherent detection of wireless over fiber signals and digital signal processing to compensate transmission impairments.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Kerstin Fischer, IFKI, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
March 2010 - May 2010. Working with Herbert Clark, Dept of Psychology.

My project seeks to deepen our understanding of interpersonal differences in how people use technology. Especially in the realm of verbal, human-computer and human-robot communication, people differ considerably in their linguistic behavior. My research addresses the roles of different conceptualizations of the artificial interlocutor, the linguistic behavior of the artificial communication partner, and of strategic and automatic responses to technology, such as joint pretense and mindless transfer. The project aims to integrate concepts from different disciplines in a single conceptual framework in order to account for the empirical findings.

[Picture of Placeholder] Daniel Overholt, Dept of Media Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark.
June 2010 - July 2010. Working with Chris Chafe, CCRMA.

The Active Acoustics research project explores the evolution of acoustic musical instruments, specifically bowed-string instruments: violin, viola, cello, etc. Mathematical computations control the sound produced by the Active Acoustics system, in order to enhance or alter the sound being produced while a musician plays. Algorithms are used to directly affect the resonating body of the acoustic instrument, via a custom sound transducer embedded inside the instrument. This actively alters the vibrations of the wood, changing the harmonics heard in the musical tone quality. Consequently, the acoustic properties of the instruments are malleable, instead of being permanently defined by the woodworking skills of a luthier.

  [Picture of Placeholder] Jari Multisilta, Dept of Information Technology, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
July 2010 - December 2010. Working with Roy Pea, SCIL.

My work at H-STAR focuses on social mobile media and their applications to learning. My visit is a part of the "Educational Technology at School's Everyday Life (Optek)" project, funded by Tekes. The aim is to study social mobile media as an enabler for new learning concepts. Emerging technologies such as tablet devices and smartphones support outside-classroom learning activities in many new ways, for example utilizing contextual data such as location information, streaming video, etc. Based on recent research in Finland and Stanford, in co-operation with Stanford researchers I intend to survey the research field, implement examples of map-based learning environments in social mobile media, and propose a future research agenda.